Mengukur Tingkat Literasi Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Mahasiswa di Indonesia

  • Yonathan Anggian Siahaan STIK Rajawali Talaud
  • Fergyanto E. Gunawan Universitas Bina Nusantara
Keywords: Competency, Defined, DIGCOMP, ICT Literacy, self-efficacy


Nowadays, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) competence or literacy is an essential. The study measures the students' ICT literacy level and identify the influencing factors. It uses the People Capability Maturity Model (P-CMM) and Digital Competency frameworks. Data were collected using a questionnaire from a random sample of 400 students in Indonesia. The questionnaire used is a self-efficacy method, where respondents answer questions with self-reflection. The literacy level is the average of the responses. The influencing factors were evaluated by multivariate regression analysis. The results show that the level of ICT literacy of Indonesian students is at the level three (defined) of the five levels of the P-CMM framework, indicating that on average students understand and can apply ICT consistently to achieve their goals. This study found ICT literacy is influenced by the availability, accessibility, frequency of use, and duration of use of ICT infrastructure. Educational background, social science or exact, moderates the relationship between duration of use and levels of ICT literacy. In terms of competence, college majors have an effect on all areas of ICT competence (internet activities, communication and collaboration, digital content, security and problem solving). The level of parental education only has a significant effect on security competence and problem solving.


Download data is not yet available.


J. Zylka, G. Christoph, U. Kroehne, J. Hartig, and F. Goldhammer, “Moving beyond cognitive elements of ICT literacy: First evidence on the structure of ICT engagement,” Comput. Human Behav., vol. 53, pp. 149–160, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.07.008.

P. Slechtova, “Attitudes of Undergraduate Students to the Use of ICT in Education,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 171, pp. 1128–1134, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.218.

W. Techataweewan and U. Prasertsin, “Development of digital literacy indicators for Thai undergraduate students using mixed method research,” Kasetsart J. Soc. Sci., pp. 1–7, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.kjss.2017.07.001.

A. Ivanković, S. Špiranec, and D. Miljko, “ICT Literacy among the Students of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Mostar,” Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., vol. 93, pp. 684–688, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.09.261.

B. Saleh, “Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Literacy of Community in Mamminasata Region,” J. Pekommas, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 151–160, 2015.

L. Salmerón, A. García, and E. Vidal-Abarca, “The development of adolescents’ comprehension-based Internet reading activities,” Learn. Individ. Differ., vol. 61, no. November 2016, pp. 31–39, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2017.11.006.

A. Council, “A global measure of digital and ICT literacy skills,” 2016.

Opira Geoffrey, “Effects of Information and Communication Technology on Students’ Learning: a Case of Gulu University,” no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2014, doi: 10.1007/s13398-014-0173-7.2.

O. E. Hatlevik, I. Throndsen, M. Loi, and G. B. Gudmundsdottir, “Students’ ICT self-efficacy and computer and information literacy: Determinants and relationships,” Comput. Educ., vol. 118, no. September 2016, pp. 107–119, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2017.11.011.

O. E. Hatlevik, “How to identify and understand digital literacy among 9th grade Norwegian students: - Examining the influences from school and home on students digital literacy,” Nord. J. Digit. Lit., vol. 4, no. 3–4, pp. 159–173, 2009.

A. E. Adetimirin, “ICT literacy among undergraduates in Nigerian universities,” Educ. Inf. Technol., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 381–397, 2012, doi: 10.1007/s10639-011-9163-y.

Association of College and Research Libraries, “Introduction to information literacy,” vol. 2008, no. November 11, 2008.

L. Obayusi and O. J. Otabor, “A survey of internet literacy skills among physical science undergraduate of the university of benin, nigeria,” J. Inf. Knowl. Manag., vol. 3, no. 1&2, pp. 1–20, 2010.

O. E. Hatlevik, I. Throndsen, M. Loi, and G. B. Gudmundsdottir, “Students ’ ICT self -efficacy and computer and information literacy : Determinants and relationships Author Note Ove E . Hatlevik , Faculty of Education and International Studies , Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences ; Inger Throndsen,” no. 1, pp. 1–30.

C. Zhang, “Design of human capability maturity analysis system online P-CMM model,” Proc. - 2015 Int. Conf. Intell. Transp. Big Data Smart City, ICITBS 2015, pp. 302–305, 2016, doi: 10.1109/ICITBS.2015.81.

F. Siddiq, “Assessment of ICT Literacy,” 2016.

European Union, “Digital competences - Self-assessment grid,” p. 1, 2015.

How to Cite
Siahaan, Y. A., & Gunawan, F. E. (2021). Mengukur Tingkat Literasi Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Mahasiswa di Indonesia. JTIM : Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Multimedia, 3(2), 63-69.